Powerboat-World.com
 
 
News Home Video Gallery Newsletters FishingBoating Features Photo Gallery Sail-World Australia Australian Cruising
Sail-World Australia Australian Cruising MarineBusiness-World

 

Sail-World.com : Many Countries ‘Unable to Save Reefs’

Many Countries ‘Unable to Save Reefs’

'It is essential that where reefs are at high risk, development strategies do not make local communities or industries more dependent on reef-based resources.'    ARC Centre of Excellence Coral Reef Studies ©    Click Here to view large photo

An international team of scientists has found coral reef conservation in key regions of the world faces serious risk of failure under climate change.

Many countries and communities which are highly dependent on marine harvests or tourism from their coral reefs may be unable to save those reefs from the likely impacts of climate change with their current conservation measures and capacity, the researchers say in an editorial in the journal Conservation Letters.


However the team, led by Tim McClanahan from the Wildlife Conservation Society in Kenya, and Dr Josh Cinner from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and James Cook University, Australia, also proposes a novel approach that could help societies improve the way they cope with and adapt to changes in the marine environment.

'Climate change is expected to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme climatic events, and will profoundly influence ecosystems and the communities that depend on them – coral bleaching and category-5 cyclones are examples,' Dr Cinner says. 'When the ocean warms it can play havoc, causing entire reefs to die or to take many years to recover.'

'Sustaining coral reefs, along with the goods and services they provide to the people who depend on them, it will require two things – the ability to predict the risk of extreme climate effects, and the ability of the affected human societies to adapt and to change the way they protect and manage their marine environment.'

Sustaining coral reefs, along with the goods and services they provide to the people who depend on them, it will require two things – predict the risk of extreme climate effects, ability of the affected human societies to adapt. -  ARC Centre of?nid=47178 Excellence Coral Reef Studies ©   Click Here to view large photo

The researchers’ new approach involves assessing the risks of climate change on the world’s coral reefs which takes into account the likelihood of extreme events affecting particular areas. This is combined with a method of assessing how able local communities or national governments are to adjust the way they protect and manage reefs in response to the risks.

The study spans the sciences of oceanography, environmental science, sociology and economics to assess how 29 communities in 5 countries in the West Indian Ocean may cope with climate change. On the whole, they found, most conservation strategies in the West Indian Ocean are poorly prepared to cope with the expected impacts.

The researchers found that the scale of the threat from climate change varies significantly from place to place – and that some places are more likely to be able to cope or to adapt their management than others.

'For example, Kenyan reefs are susceptible to bleaching, suggesting that they are unlikely to sustain a high-quality tourist experience. Yet Kenya has a moderately large marine protected area fisheries closure system that is highly dependent on tourism. The sustainability of this protection strategy under climate change scenarios is questionable,' the team observe.

'In Tanzania, some sites generally have higher adaptive capacity and lower environmental susceptibility, suggesting that investment in more protection could be effective. However, Tanzania currently lacks an effective system of large fisheries closures, protecting less than 2% of its reefs from fishing.

'Most sites in Mauritius and Madagascar have low environmental susceptibility and consequently are expected to fare better than reefs in the rest of the region - yet currently less than 1% of the reefs in these countries are protected.'

In places where reefs are at high risk of climate impacts, and governments lack the ability to change management, it may be helpful to pass more of the responsibility for looking after reefs to local communities who often have a great interest in protecting their own resources, the team suggest. But doing so effectively will require considerable investments in poverty alleviation and alternative livelihoods.

Many countries and communities which are highly dependent on marine harvests or tourism from their coral reefs may be unable to save those reefs from the likely impacts of climate change with their current conservation measures -  ARC Centre of?nid=47178 Excellence Coral Reef Studies ©   Click Here to view large photo

'It is essential that where reefs are at high risk, development strategies do not make local communities or industries more dependent on reef-based resources,' they cautioned.

The team suggests that the outlook for coral reefs in the region could be improved by a regional approach to coral reef management that integrates development and conservation based on likely long-term outcomes.

Closing reefs to fishing is only likely to work well in areas facing low impacts and with good ability to adapt. In other areas, local communities will need to be more involved in pragmatic measures to protect their own resources. These measures will require building the capacity of communities to cope with change and donor assistance focused on reducing dependence on coral reef resources.

http://www.coralcoe.org.au/

The researchers found that the scale of the threat from climate change varies significantly from place to place – and that some places are more likely to be able to cope or to adapt their management than others. -  ARC Centre of?nid=47178 Excellence Coral Reef Studies ©   Click Here to view large photo




by Centre of Excellence Coral Reef Studies

  

Click on the FB Like link to post this story to your FB wall

http://www.powerboat-world.com/index.cfm?nid=47178

1:42 AM Sun 3 Aug 2008 GMT






Click here for printer friendly version
Click here to send us feedback or comments about this story.


Power Boat News









Great Barrier Reef plan released for comment by Queensland Minister for Environment,










Brisbane Boat Show begins *Feature by Jeni Bone,
















































Camper & Nicholsons Yachts presents the Sagitta 42
GT15 and GT30 European Championships - Jelf takes to the podium twice
Marine Rescue crew saves cruiser in trouble in rough conditions
XCAT Series gets set to conquer another continent in 2015
Dangerous conditions for boaters on most of NSW coast
2014 Mandurah Boat Show - Third largest boat show in Australia
2014 Gold Coast International Marine Expo - Eye on the big picture
Mediterranean Grand Prix - Powerboat racing heavyweights head to Ibiza
Mediterranean Grand Prix - World Aquabike stars all set
Antarctic sea-level rising faster than global rate
Powerboat champions gear up for Honda RYA Youth RIB National final
Andrew Scott joins Superior as General Manager *Feature
2014 Gold Coast International Marine Expo - Fastest Jet Ski ever built
Best Birthday Party ever at Southport Yacht Club! *Feature
‘Hall of Fame’ status for Empire Marina *Feature
Girl power all set for Nottingham powerboat racing action
Cowes to Torquay Race 2014 - Intense activity in preparation
Fort Lauderdale International Boat Show - 13 things to See and do
Australian Offshore Superboat Champ - 15 Superboats in Coffs Harbour
European première for Belize 54 Daybridge at Cannes Yachting Festival
‘Fish Friendly’ accreditation for Sanctuary Cove Marina   
Plethora of Powerboat racing action this weekend   
Vicsail Boat show Open Day at Rushcutters Bay   
Marine15 - prospectus available online now + VIDEO *Feature   
Southport Yacht Club achieves Clean Marina certification + VIDEO *Feature   
Port Kembla Volunteers bring in 75 metre monster from 5nm offshore   
Gold Coast Int'l Marine Expo - Make every moment one to remember   
Dangerous conditions for boaters from Queensland border to Sydney   
4x4 Outdoors Show and Fishing and Boating Expo - Busy opening day   
Summerland 40 LR named Boat of the Year   
More new boats brand Brisbane Boat Show as a spectacular showcase   
Xiamen Int'l Boat Show 2014 moving to a new home   
Yamaha inspires students to succeed   
NSW EPA supports Marina Industry Environmental Accreditation   
Powerful Yanmar 12AY Diesel Series revealed   
Buy a slice of Solar Sailor history *Feature   
Swan celebrates sales success *Feature   
4x4 Outdoors Show and Fishing and Boating Expo on the horizon   
Polar research: Six priorities for Antarctic science   
Stealth i14 out of China   


For this week's complete news stories select    Last 7 Days
   Search All News
For last month's complete news stories select    Last 30 Days
   Archive News







Sail-World.com  


















Switch Default Region to:

Social Media

Asia

Australia

Canada

Europe

New Zealand

United Kingdom


http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/Twitter_logo_small.png   http://www.sail-world.com/event_images/image/RSS-Icon.png

United States

Cruising Northern

Cruising Southern

MarineBusiness World

PowerBoat World

FishingBoating World

 

Contact

Commercial

News

Search

Contact Us

Advertisers Information

Submit news/events

Search Stories/Text

Feedback

Advertisers Directory

Newsletter Archive

Photo Gallery

 

Banner Advertising Details

Newsletter Subscribe

Video Gallery

Policies

 

 

 

Privacy Policy

 

 


Cookie Policy

 

 



This site and its contents are © Copyright TetraMedia and/or the original author, photographer etc. All Rights Reserved.  Photographs are copyright by law.  If you wish to use or buy a photograph contact the photographer directly.
XLXL NEW PBW
LocalAds   DE  ES  FR  IT